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    Product Selection Guides, Standards & Regulations

      Product Selection Guides
      Use our selection aids to easily find the right protective clothing for your activities.

      Pollutant Filter class
      Acrylamide P3 
      Aluminium (-oxide) P2 
      Aluminium chloride (-oxide) smoke P2/P3 
      Ammonium chloride P2 
      Antimony P3 
      Arsenious acid P3 
      Arsentic trioxide (arsenic) P3 
      Asbestos P2 
      Asbestos, more than 50,000 ´fibers per m³ P3 
      Ashes P2
      Caustic alkali P2 
      Bacteria (risk group 2) P2 
      Barium compounds, sol. P2 
      Cotton dust  P2 
      Benzopyrene (from coking plants) P3 
      Benzoic acid P2 
      Beryllium P3 
      Concrete P2 
      Biqhenyl P3 
      Lead and compounds P3 
      Lead chromate (-smoke) P3 
      Boric oxide (-acid) P3
      Cadmium and compounds P3 
      Calcium hydroxide (-oxide) P2 
      Calcium sulphate P2 
      Carbon fibers P2 
      Chrome (VI) (-compounds) P3 
      Cobalt metal (-olxide, sulphide) P3 
      Cyanide (e.g. Cyankali...) P2 
      Diesel engine emissions P3 
      Diisocyanate (TDI, MDI, HDI) P3 
      Stainless steel (smoke, fine dust) P3
      Iron oxide P2 
      Enzymes P3 
      Varnish P2 
      Varnish with chromates P3 
      Fluorides P2 
      Gypsum (see calcium sulfate) P2
      Glass fibers, mineral wool P2 
      Graphite P2 
      Hexachlorcyclohexane P2 
      Wood dust P2 
      Insecticide P3
      Isocyanates (see diisocyanate) P3 
      Iodine P2 
      Potassium hydroxide, potash lye P2 
      Lime (-burnt) P2 
      Silica glass, kieselguhr, silic acid P2 
      Cooling lubricant P2 
      Copper (-dust) P2
      Soldering P2 
      Magnesium oxide P2 
      Marble P2 
      Masonry P2 
      Dust from flour P1 
      Molybdenum compounds (sol.) P2 
      Garbage handling P3 
      Naphthalene P3 
      Sodium azide P2 
      Sodium hydroxide, caustic soda P2 
      Nickel metal (-oxide, -sulphide) P3
      Parathion P3 
      Pesticides P2 
      Phenylhydrazine P3 
      Fungal spores P2 
      Platinum P3 
      Pollen P2 
      Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) P3 
      Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) P2 
      Quartz P3
      Quartz containing fine dust P3 
      Smoke P2 
      Rust P2 
      Corrosion protection paint P2 
      Corrosion protection paint with chromates P3 
      Soot P2 
      Salts from arsenious acid P3 
      Sulphuric acid P2/P3 
      Welding fume (common) P2 
      Silver and compounds (sol.) P3 
      Silicon carbide P2 
      Putty P1 
      Stainless steel (smoke, fine dust) P2 
      High-alloy-steel P3 
      Steel w. anti-fouling finish P3 
      Stone dust P1 
      Stone, quartz-containing P2 
      Synthetical mineral fiber P3 
      Tobacco smoke P3 
      Tobacco dust P2 
      Talcum P2 
      Titanium oxide P2 
      Tributyl tin compounds P3 
      Uranium compounds P3 
      Vanadium pentoxide P3 
      Viruses, bacteria (risk group 3) P3 
      Cement P2 
      Zinc oxide smoke P2 
      Tin compounds, organic/ inorganic P3 
      Cytostatics P3 

      EN 166

      This European Standard specifies functional requirements for different types of personal eye protection devices as well as their identification. To ensure eye-protection while working, the standard defines which prismatic, spherical and astigmatic refractive indices must be met. According to these refractive indices, the oculars are divided into three optical classes:


      Class 1: For continuous use (e.g., working with particularly high vision requirements).

      Class 2: For occasional use (e.g., working with average vision requirements).

      Class 3: Only in exceptional cases (e.g for rough work without major visual requirements).

       


      Vor dem Einsatz der Schutzanzüge sollte grundsätzlich der Verwendungszweck, die eingesetzten Gefahrenstoffe und die Arbeitsdauer geprüft werden.
      Eine wichtige Hilfe bietet die Richtlinie 89/686/EWG für persönliche Schutzausrüstung. Diese definiert drei Gefahrenkategorien nach Einsatzbereichen:


      Kategorie 1

      Einfache Schutzausrüstung für geringe Gefahren.

      Kategorie 2

      Schutzausrüstung zur Abwehr von Gefahren, die nicht Kategorie 1 oder 3 entsprechen.

      Kategorie 3

      Komplexe Schutzausrüstung für hohe Risiken zum Schutz gegen tödliche Gefahren oder ernste irreversible Gesundheitsschäden.

      Innerhalb der Kategorie 3 wurden Schutzklassen definiert, um dem Benutzer die Wahl der geeigneten Schutzanzüge für den jeweiligen Einsatzbereich zu vereinfachen:

         Flüssigkeitsdichte Schutzkleidung    Spraydichte Schutzkleidung
         Partikelschutz    Schutz vor flüssigen Chemikalien


      Größentabelle

      Before using the protective suits, the intended use, the hazardous substances used and the working time should always be checked.
      Directive 89/686/EEC on personal protective equipment provides important assistance. This directive defines three categories of danger according to the areas of use:


      Category 1
      Simple protective equipment for low risks.


      Category 2
      Protective equipment to ward off hazards that do not correspond to Category 1 or 3.

      Category 3
      Complex protective equipment for high risks to protect against lethal hazards or serious irreversible damage to health. Within category 3, protection classes have been defined to make it easier for the user to choose the appropriate protective suits for the respective area of application:


          Liquid-tight protective clothing


          Sprayproof protective clothing


          Particle protection


          Protection from liquid chemicals



      Size Chart



       

      Hand Size

      Measuring your hand circumference.

      Handcircumference in cm< 17,5 17,5 – 19,0 19,0 – 21,5 21,5 – 23,5 > 23,5
      Recommended DACH-Size XS S M L XL
      International Size XS XS – S S – M M L







      ChemicalNitrilLatexPVC / VinylNeopren
      Acetaldehyde++++
      Acetone+
      Acrylamide+++++
      Acryl acid
      Formic acid 10 %+++
      Formic acid 50 %++
      Formic acid 90%– + 
      Ammonia++ – 
      Ammonium acetat++++++++
      Amyl alcohol+++++
      Benzene
      Benzine++
      Butyl acetat
      Butyl alcohol+++
      Butyl ether++
      Chlorbenzene
      Calcium Hydroxide+++++++++++
      Chlornaphthalene– – – 
      Chloroform
      Chromic acid 10 %++++++
      Dibutyl phthalate+++++++
      Diethylamine– – 
      Diisobutyl ketone++ – – 
      Dimethylformamide– – 
      Acetic acid 10 %++++ +++ 
      Acetic acid 50 %+++
      Acetic acid 100 %– – ++
      Ethidium bromide++++
      Ethyl alcohol (ethanol)++++++++
      Ethyl acetate
      Ethyl ether+
      Fish oil+++ +++ 
      Hydroflourid acid 10%+++++
      Hydroflourid acid 40%+
      Formaldehyd 40 %+++++
      Glycerol+++++++++++
      Glycol ether+++++
      Isobutyl alcohol+++++
      Isopropyl alcohol+++++
      Caustic potash+++++++++
      Kerosene++++
      Cresol++
      Machine oil+++
      Methyl alcohol (methanol)+
      Methylamine+++
      Methylbromide
      Methyl ethyl ketone
      Methyl isobutyl ketone
      Mineral oil+++++
      Sodium hypochlorid++++++++
      Caustic soda 10%++++++++++
      Caustic soda 30%+++++++++
      Octyl alcohol++++++
      Oleic acid++++++
      Oxalic acid++++++++
      Vegetable Oil+++++
      Phenol++++
      Phosphoric acid 50 %+++++++++++
      Phosphoric acid 75 %+++++++
      Popyl alcohol+++
      Castor oils+++++++++
      Nitric acid 10 %+++++++
      Nitric acid 30 % ++
      Nitric acid 70 %+
      Hydrochloric acid 10%+++++++++++
      Hydrochloric acid 20%++++++++
      Hydrochloric acid 38%+++++++
      Sulphuric acid 10 %++++++++++++
      Sulphuric acid 30 %++++++++++
      Sulphuric acid 98 %+
      Heavy oil A+++
      Styrene
      Tetrachlorethylene
      Carbon tetrachloride
      Animal oil+++++
      Toulene
      Trichlorethylene
      Hydrogen peroxid 5%+++++
      Hydrogen peroxid 30%+++++
      Xylene+
      Citric acid+++++++++


      This table is only an orientation guide and does not claim to be complete.
      The chemical resistance depends on numerous factors such as temperature, contact duration, concentration
      and glove thickness. We recommend that a suitability test be carried out for each application.
      DACH protective clothing does not assume any obligations or liabilities in connection with
      the information given in this table.

      Explanation
      Very well suited +++
      Well suited ++
      Not entirely suitable +
      Not advisable –







      Standards & Regulations

                 

      Protective clothing against liquid chemicals
      Performance requirements for chemical protective suits with liquid-tight (Type 3) or spray-tight (Type 4) connections between parts of the clothing.


      Scope

      This standard specifies the minimum requirements for the following types of limited use of certain and reusable chemical protective clothing:

      Type 3: liquid-tight clothing
      Type 4: spray-proof clothing


      Performance requirements for material

      Materials for chemical protective clothing must be tested according to the following requirements and in accordance with the test methods specified in EN 14325. Performance level 1 must be achieved for all requirements.


      Abschnitt in Section in EN14325:2004EN14325:2004Performance RequirementsMin. power level
      4.4Abrasion resistance1
      4.5Flexural Crack Strength1
      4.6Flexural Crack Strength at -30°C1
      4.7Tear resistance1
      4.9Tensile strength1
      4.10Puncture resistance1
      4.11Puncture resistance1
      4.14Resistance to inflammation1

      *: Applies only to clothing for use at very low temperatures


      Performance requirements for seams, joints and composites

      Seams, joints and composites must be tested and classified according to the requirements of the following table and the corresponding sections of EN 14325.

      Performance RequirementsReference
      Resistance to the permeation of liquidsEN 14325:2003
      Resistance to the permeation of liquidsEN 463 or EN 468
      Seam strengthEN 14325:2003, 5.5

      Requirements for the whole suit

      1. Chemical protective clothing must meet the requirements of EN340 (general for protective clothing).
      2. Resistance to penetration by liquids: Type 3 chemical protective clothing must be tested for liquid penetration by a jet test with test persons. Type 4 chemical protective clothing must be tested against liquid penetration with a spray test by test persons.
      3. Resistance to penetration by liquids:
        • Type 3 chemical protective clothing must be tested against penetration of liquids with a jet test, by test persons.
        • Type 4 chemical protective clothing must be tested against penetration of liquids with a spray test, by test persons.

      Labelling

      1. The name, the trademark to identify the manufacturer
      2. Type number or model number of the manufacturer
      3. Class: Type 5
      4. The number of this European Standard
      5. Size according to EN 340
      6. An information brochure from the manufacturer must be included with every small retail package
      7. Pictogram indicating that the clothing is intended for protection against chemicals and pictogram indicating that the instructions for use and all other information provided by the manufacturer must be read

      Scope

      This standard defines the properties of gloves to protect the user from chemicals and/or microorganisms.

      It applies in conjunction with the basic standard DIN EN420 and does not specify any requirements against any hazards due to mechanical stress. Reference is made here to DIN EN 388.

      Classification

      DIN EN 374 consists of three parts. It specifies the requirements for gloves that protect the user against chemicals and/or microorganisms.

      DIN EN374-1: Terminology and performance requirements 

      This standard specifies requirements to protect the user against chemicals and/or microorganisms and defines the common terms.

      DIN EN374-2: Determination of resistance to chemical penetration

      This standard describes a test method for the resistance of gloves to penetration that protect against chemicals and/or microorganisms.

      DIN EN374-3: Determination of resistance to permeation of chemicals

      This standard deals with the determination of the resistance of materials for protective gloves against the permeation of potentially hazardous, non-gaseous chemicals under conditions of continuous contact.

      Requirements

      Penetration
      It refers to the penetration of a chemical and/or micro-organism (at a non-molecular level) through porous areas, seams, pinholes or other defects into a protective glove. Gloves must be leakproof when tested according to the test methods (air leak test and water leak test) specified in the relevant sections of EN 374-2, using the AQL (acceptance quality limit) value according to ISO 2859.

      Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

      Performance Index AQL-Value Test level
      Class 3 < 0,65 G1
      Class 2 < 1,5 G1
      Class 1 < 4,0 S4



      Permeation
      This term refers to the breakthrough times required for a dangerous liquid to come into contact with the skin. The rubber and plastic layers of a glove do not always form a liquid barrier. Sometimes they react like a sponge by absorbing liquid and pressing it against the skin. All chemical tests are classified in breakthrough times (performance index 0 to 6).

      Performance Index Breakthrough time
      Class 1 > 10 Minutes
      Class 2 > 30 Minutes
      Class 3 > 60 Minutes
      Class 4 > 120 Minutes
      Class 5 > 240 Minutes
      Class 6 > 480 Minutes



      Definition & marking

      Picture 1

      A glove is considered resistant to chemicals if a performance index of at least class 2 is obtained for three test chemicals in the table below (Annex A of EN 374-3). The applicable chemical identification letters must be given.

      Code letter Test chemical CAS-Number Class
      A Methanol 67-56-1 Primary alcohol
      B Acetone 67-64-1 Keton
      C Acetonitril 75-05-8 Nitrile compound
      D Dichlorcmethan 75-09-2 Chlorinated kerosene
      E Carbon disulfide 75-15-0 Sulfur-containing organic compound
      F Toulene 108-88-3 Aromatic hydrocarbon
      G Diethylamine 109-89-7 Amin
      H Tetrahydrofuran 109-99-9 Heterocyclic and ether compounds
      I Ethyl acetate 141-78-6 Ester
      J n-Heptane 142-85-5 Aliphatic hydrocarbon
      K Sodium hydroxide 40 1310-73-2 Inorganic Base
      L Sulphuric acid 96 7664-93-9 Inorganic acid




      Picture 2:

      A glove is considered to have a low chemical resistance or liquid tightness unless a minimum breakthrough time of 30 minutes is achieved for at least three chemicals on the definition list, but passes the penetration test.

      A glove is considered to have a low chemical resistance or liquid tightness unless a minimum breakthrough time of 30 minutes is achieved for at least three chemicals on the definition list, but passes the penetration test.

      Picture 3:

      Ein Handschuh wird als beständig gegen Mikroorganismen angesehen, wenn er mindestens die Klasse 2 des Penetrationstests erfüllt (AQL < 1,5).

      DIN EN 407: Protective gloves against thermal risks

      Scope

      This standard defines the thermal properties of gloves for protection against heat and/or fire.


      Classification and requirements

      All gloves must achieve at least performance level 1 for abrasion and tear resistance of EN 388 and meet all requirements of EN 420.

      The type and degree of protection is indicated by a pictogram, with the numbers 1 to 6, which refer to specific protective properties.

      According to the field of application only the application relevant test procedures have to be carried out. If an "X" is indicated instead of one of these numbers, this means that this protective property has not been tested.


      Test Performance Index

      1 2 3 4
      a. Burning strength (afterburning and afterglow time in s) ≤ 20
      – 
      ≤ 10
      ≤ 120
      ≤ 3
      ≤ 25
      ≤ 2
      ≤ 5
      b. Contact heat resistance (contact temperature in °C and limit time in s) 100
      ≥ 15
      250
      ≥ 15
      350
      ≥ 15
      500
      ≥15
      c. Convection heat resistance (heat transfer index in s) ≥ 4 ≥ 7 ≥ 10 ≥ 18
      d. Resistance to radiant heat in s ≥ 7 ≥ 20 ≥ 50 ≥ 95
      e. Resistance to number of small liquid metal splashes ≥ 10 ≥ 15 ≥ 25 ≥ 35
      f. Resistance to large quantities of liquid metal in g 30 60 120 200





      a. Burning Strength

      Performance index 1 - 4

      Time in seconds for the material to continue to burn or glow after the flame has been removed from the test specimen. The seams of the glove must not disintegrate after a fire time of 15 seconds.


      b. Contact heat resistance

      Performance index 1 - 4

      In the temperature range of 100-500 °C the user feels no pain for at least 15 seconds. If an EN level 3 or higher is achieved, the product must also meet at least EN level 3 in the fire resistance test, otherwise a maximum contact heat resistance of level 2 is entered.


      c. Convection heat resistance

      Performance index 1 - 4

      Means the length of time a glove can delay the transmission of heat from a flame. A performance level is only given if performance levels 3 or 4 are achieved in the fire resistance test.


      d. Resistance to radiant heat

      Performance index 1 - 4

      The length of time a glove can delay the heat transfer from a radiant heat source. A performance level is only given if performance levels 3 or 4 are achieved in the fire resistance test.


      e. Resistance to small liquid metal splashes

      Performance index 1 - 4

      Number of liquid metal drops required to bring the glove to a certain temperature. A performance level is only given if performance levels 3 or 4 are achieved in the fire resistance test.


      f. Resistance to large quantities of liquid metal

      Performance index 1 - 4

      Means the required weight of molten metal to trigger a smoothing or perforation of a skin imitation applied directly behind the test glove. The test is considered to have failed if metal drops adhere to the glove material or if the test pattern ignites.


      DIN EN ISO 13982-1: Protective clothing against solid particles

      Performance requirements for chemical protective clothing providing full body protection against airborne solid particles (Type 5 clothing)

      Scope

      Diese Norm legt die Mindestanforderungen an teilchendichte Chemikalienschutzanzüge fest, die widerstandsfähig gegen die Penetration schwebender fester Teilchen sind (Typ 5). Bei diesen Kleidungsstücken handelt es sich um Ganzkörperschutzkleidung, wie etwa einteilige Overalls oder zweiteilige Anzüge, mit oder ohne Haube oder Sichtscheibe, mit oder ohne Fußschutz. Dieser Teil der EN ISO 13982 gilt nur für schwebende, feste Teilchen. These garments are full body protective garments, such as one-piece overalls or two-piece suits, with or without hood or visor, with or without foot protection. This part of EN ISO 13982 applies only to suspended solid particles.

      Performance requirements for material

      Materials for chemical protective clothing must be tested according to the following requirements and in accordance with the test methods specified in EN 14325. Performance level 1 must be achieved for all requirements.

      Abschnitt in Section in EN14325:2004EN14325:2004 Performance Requirements Min. power level
      4.4 Abrasion resistance 1
      4.5 Flexural Crack Strength 1
      4.7 Tear resistance 1
      4.10 Puncture resistance 1
      4.14 Resistance to inflammation 1

      Performance requirements for seams, joints and composites

      1. resistance to the penetration of liquids
      The seams must be designed to minimize or prevent penetration of solid particles through stitch holes or other components of the seam.

      2. seam strength
      The power shall be classified according to EN 14325:2004, 5.5 (Table 13) specified power levels. A minimum strength of performance level 1 shall be achieved for the seams.

      Requirements for the whole suit

      1. Type 5 chemical protective suits must meet the requirements of EN340 (general for protective clothing).
      2. Inward leakage of solid particulate aerosols: Protective suits shall be tested for inward leakage of solid particulate aerosols in accordance with the procedure described in ISO 13982-2. The test is carried out by test persons.

      Labelling

      1. The name, the trademark to identify the manufacturer.
      2. Type number or model number of the manufacturer.
      3. Class: Type 5.
      4. The number of this European Standard.
      5. Size according to EN 340
      6. An information brochure from the manufacturer must be supplied with each smallest retail package.
      7. Pictogram indicating that the clothing is intended for protection against chemicals and pictogram indicating that the instructions for use and all other information provided by the manufacturer must be read


      EN 1149-1: Protective clothing - electrostatic properties

      Part 1: Test methods for the measurement of surface resistivity

      This European Standard was developed under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association and supports basic requirements of the EU Directive.

      The standard is part of a series of tests and requirements for electrostatic properties of protective clothing. Different parts are necessary due to the different application areas and materials. 

      Scope

      This standard specifies the electrostatic requirements for electrostatically dissipative protective clothing to prevent ignitable discharges and the corresponding test procedures. In flammable atmospheres enriched with oxygen, the requirements may not be met. The test method is not applicable to materials containing fibres with a conductive core. This standard is not applicable to protection against mains voltage.

      Requirements

      For homogeneous materials, the specific surface resistivity must be below 5×1010 Ω

      Labelling

      The labelling must be in accordance with EN 340 ( protective clothing - general requirements ) and must bear the following pictogram: For homogeneous materials the specific surface resistance must be less than 5×1010 Ω.

      EN 13034: Protective clothing against liquid chemicals

      Performance requirements for chemical protective clothing offering limited protective performance against liquid chemicals (Type 6 equipment)


      Scope

      This standard specifies the minimum requirements for liquid-tight, reusable chemical protective suits and those for limited use (Type 6). They provide limited protection against the effects of liquid aerosols, sprays and light splashes where the risk of chemical exposure has been assessed as low and the type of potential exposure, spray, mist, etc. is defined as low risk.

      Such garments may be full body protective garments such as one-piece overalls or two-piece suits with or without hood or visor, with or without boots or overshoes, and may be worn with or without respiratory protective equipment.


      Performance requirements for material

      Materials for chemical protective clothing must be tested and classified in accordance with the following requirements and the test methods specified in EN 14325.

      Abschnitt in Section in EN14325:2004EN14325:2004 Performance Requirements Min. power level
      4.4 Abrasion resistance 1
      4.7 Tear resistance 1
      4.9 Tensile strength 1
      4.10 Puncture resistance 1
      4.12 Liquid repellence 3
      4.13 Resistance to the penetration of liquids 2
      4.14 Resistance to inflammation 1

      Performance requirements for seams, joints and composites

      1. resistance to the penetration of liquids
      The seams must be designed to minimize or prevent penetration of solid particles through stitch holes or other components of the seam.

      2. seam strength
      The power shall be classified according to EN 14325:2004, 5.5 (Table 13) specified power levels. A minimum strength of performance level 1 shall be achieved for the seams.


      Requirements for the whole suit

      1. type 6 chemical protective suits must meet the requirements of EN340 (general for protective clothing)
      2. resistance to penetration of liquids (spray test) is performed by test persons according to EN 468.


      Labelling

      1. the name, the trademark identifying the manufacturer
      2. type number or model number of the manufacturer
      3rd class: Type 6
      4. the number of this European Standard
      5. size according to EN 340
      6. an information brochure from the manufacturer must be supplied with each smallest commercial package
      7. pictogram indicating that the clothing is intended for protection against chemicals and pictogram indicating that the instructions for use and any other information provided by the manufacturer must be read



      EN 14126: Protective clothing against infectious agents

       

      Scope

      This standard specifies the requirements and test procedures for reusable and limited-use protective clothing against infectious agents.

      Performance requirements for material

      1. Mechanical requirements and flammability requirements (chemical requirements where applicable) shall be tested and classified in accordance with the test procedures and performance classification system specified in the relevant sections of EN14325.
      2. Performance requirements for resistance to penetration by infectious agents are verified by the following tests:
        Resistance to penetration of contaminated fluids under hydrostatic pressure. Resistance to penetration of infectious agents due to mechanical contact with substances containing contaminated liquids. Resistance to penetration of contaminated liquid aerosols. Resistance to penetration of contaminated solid particles.

      Performance requirements for seams, joints and composites

      Seams, joints and composites for protective clothing against infectious agents must be tested and classified according to the requirements of the relevant sections of EN 14325.

      Requirements for the whole suit

      Protective clothing against infectious agents must meet the relevant requirements of EN340 (general for protective clothing) as well as the requirements for the entire suit as specified in the relevant standard for chemical protective clothing.

      Labelling

      Clothing must be labelled according to the applicable requirements of the relevant standard for chemical protective clothing.
      The marking for protective clothing against infectious agents must contain the following additional information:
      1. the number of this European Standard.
      2. the type of protective clothing with the letter "B" in the Annex
      3. the pictogram for biological hazard


      EN 14683:2019: Medical face masks – Requirements and test methods

      Preface

      This European Standard was developed in the framework of a Mandate issued to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association and supports basic requirements of the EC Directive 93/42/EEC.


      Introduction

      The transmission of infectious germs during surgical procedures can take place in several ways. One source of infection is, for example, the nose or mouth of a member of the surgical team.  The main purpose of medical face masks is to limit the transmission of infectious germs from staff to patients in operating theatres and other medical facilities. In certain situations, they are used to protect the wearer from splashes of potentially contaminated fluids. In addition, they may be worn by patients and others to reduce the risk of spreading infection, especially in epidemic or pandemic situations.


      Scope

      The standard addresses the construction and design, performance requirements and test methods for medical face masks. A medical face mask with a suitable microbiological barrier can also be effective in reducing the secretion of infectious germs from the mouth and nose of an asymptomatic wearer or a patient with clinical symptoms.This European Standard does not apply to masks intended solely for the personal protection of the medical staff.


      Classification

      Medical face masks are divided into two types (Type I and Type II) according to various criteria, whereby Type II is further classified according to whether the mask is liquid-resistant or not.

      In contrast to earlier versions (e.g. 2005 and 2014), a certain limit value for the germ load of the unused product has now also been defined, which must not be exceeded in order to comply with the standard. This ensures that the mask does not pose any microbial danger to the wearer or patient.


      Performance Requirements

      Classifications Type I** Type II Type IIR*
      Bacterial Filtration Efficiency (BFE) ≥ 95% ≥ 98% ≥ 98%
      Breathing resistance (Pa/cm²) < 40 < 40 < 60
      Liquid Spray resistance pressure (kPA) Not applicable Not applicable ≥ 16,0
      Microbial Cleanliness (CFU/g) ≤ 30 ≤ 30 ≤ 30

      * Typ IIR is a liquid resistance type.

      ** Type I medical face masks should only be used on patients and others to reduce the risk of infection spread, especially in epidemic or pandemic situations. Type I masks are not intended for healthcare professionals in operating rooms or other medical facilities with similar requirements.


      Labelling

      Both the Medical Device Directive (93/42/EEC) and the Medical Device Regulation (EU) 2017/745 specify the information that should be included on the packaging in which the medical face mask is delivered

      The following information must be provided:
      a) number of this European Standard;
      b) type of mask (as specified in the table above).


      EN 149:2001+A1:2009: Respiratory protective devices - Filtering half masks to protect against particles

      Preface

      This European Standard was developed under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association and supports essential requirements of the European Directives.

      The 2009 amendment introduces a classification for equipment for single use.


      Introduction

      A respiratory protective device can only be approved if the individual components meet the requirements of the test specifications and if practical performance tests have been successfully carried out with a complete device.


      Scope

      This European Standard specifies minimum requirements for filtering half-masks used as respiratory protective devices to protect against particles, except for escape purposes.

      Laboratory tests and practical performance tests are included to determine compliance with the requirements.


      Classification

      Particle filtering half masks are classified according to their filter performance and their maximum total inward leakage. There are three device classes:

      FFP1, FFP2 and FFP3.

      Protection by an FFP2 or FFP3 device includes protection by a lower class or classes of device.In addition, particle filtering half masks are classified according to whether they can only be used for one working shift or are reusable (more than one working shift).


      Essential performance requirements

      Class Total inward leakage Maximum filter penetration


      NaCl 95 l/min Kerosene Oil 95 l/min
      FFP1 22 % 20 % 20 %
      FFP2 8 % 6 % 6 %
      FFP3 2 % 1 % 1 %




      Breathing resistance

      Class Maximum permissble resistance (mbar)


      Inhalation
      Exhalation

      30 l/min 95 l/min 160 l/min
      FFP1 0,6 2,1 3,0
      FFP2 0,7 2,4 3,0
      FFP3 1,0 3,0 3,0




      Labelling

      In order to comply with this standard, a particle-filtering half mask must be marked, i.a.,  with the following information:

      1. A way to identify the manufacturer or supplier, e.g. product name.
      2. Item Reference number.
      3. Applicable protection class, e.g. 'FFP2 NR D', where 'NR' stands for a mask whose use is limited to one working shift and must be disposed of afterwards. "D" stands forpassing the dolomite test which is voluntary for disposable masks. It proves that the requirements for filter efficiency and breathing resistance are met even after a longer period of wear.
      4. The number and year of this European standard:„EN 149:2001+A1:2009“.
      5. End of storage time.
      6. Storage conditions recommended by the manufacturer
      7. An information brochure from the manufacturer must be included with every small retail package.
      8. CE mark followed by a four-digit identification number of the notified body that carried out the type test for the respirator.


      EN 166: Personal eye protection

      Scope

      This standard specifies functional requirements for different types of personal eye protection devices.


      Types of eye protection devices 

      Three different types are distinguished: Side glasses with and without side protection, basket glasses and face shields. 


      Fields of application of the eye protection devices

      Depending on their properties, eye protection devices can be used against

      • Impacts of different energies
      • Dust
      • Optical radiation
      • Gases
      • Fused metals and hot solids
      • Drops and splashes
      • and protect against electric arcs

      Requirements

      General:
      The eye protection devices must not cause skin irritation, have any protruding parts, sharp edges or other defects that are likely to cause discomfort or injury when worn.

      Window
      Eye protection devices must have a minimum field of view. According to the spherical, astigmatic and prismatic refractive power, the lenses are divided into 3 optical classes1. They must also be UV-resistant.


      Labelling

      Window and support body are to be marked separately, unless they consist of one unit. The marking shall be clearly visible and permanent and shall not impair the wearer's vision.


      Structure of the marking

      1. identification of the carrying body
      The marking of the carrying body includes the manufacturer's abbreviation, the number of this standard, the areas of use and the resistance.
      2. identification lens
      On the lens, first the manufacturer's abbreviation, then the optical class, the symbol for non-sticking of molten metal and resistance to penetration by hot solids (if applicable) and finally the resistance to particles of higher speed. Other characteristics of the lens are indicated by the last digits.


      1 Explanation: Class 1: enables work with particularly high demands on visual performance (for continuous use); Class 2: suitable for work with average requirements for visual performance; Class 3: should only be used in exceptional cases, for rough work without major demands on visual performance (not for long-term use). (Source: BGR 192 (ZH 1/703))



      Abbreviation Description
      Optical classes of the lens
      1 - Optical Class 1
      2 - Optical Class 2

      3 - Optical Class 3

      AbbrevationDescription
      Areas of use of the eye protection device
      3Liquids (drops and splashes)
      4Dust with a grain size> 5 μm
      5Gases, vapors, mist, smoke and dust with a particle size <5 μm
      6Radiant heat from infrared sources
      8Electric arc in the event of a short circuit in electrical systems
      9Splashes of molten metals and penetration of hot solids


      AbbrevationDescription
      Resistance to higher velocity particles
      without identifierBasic mechanical strength
      SIncreased mechanical strength: Ball drop test 43g steel ball
      FLow energy shocks: shot with 0.88g steel ball, 45 m / s
      BMedium energy impacts: bombardment with 0.88g steel ball, 120 m / s
      AHigh energy impacts: Shot with 0.88g steel ball, 190 m / s


      Abbreviation Description
      Other properties
      N - resistance to fogging of the windows
      K - surface resistance to damage from small particles
      R - Increased reflectance
      C - symbol for improved color recognition
      O / Δ - original / replacement lens

      EN 388: Protective gloves against mechanical risks

      Scope

      This standard applies to all types of protective gloves with regard to physical and mechanical loads such as abrasion, cuts, punctures, tears or drop cuts. It also contains regulations on the electrical conductivity of protective gloves.


      Classification and requirements

      DIN EN388 applies together with the basic standard DIN EN420. Protective gloves against mechanical risks must achieve at least performance level 1 for at least one of the properties listed in the table:

      Test Performance Index

      0 1 2 3 4 5
      a. Abrasion resistance (cycles) < 100 100 500 2.000 8.000
      b. Cut resistance (factor) < 1,2 1,2 2,5 5 10 20
      c. Tear Strength (Newton) < 10 10 25 50 75
      d. Puncture resistance (Newtons) < 20 20 60 100 150

      In all cases, [0] indicates the lowest level of performance.


      a. Abrasion resistance:

      Abrasion resistance is determined as the number of cycles required for breakthrough. A breakthrough is the condition in which the test specimen is worn so far that a hole has appeared.


      b. Cut resistance:

      The cut resistance value is based on the number of test cycles required to cut the test glove with a fixed load (5 Newtons) and constant speed.


      c. Tear strength:

      The tensile strength is defined as the force that is required to tear a crack in a rectangular test specimen over half the length of the test specimen.


      d. Puncture resistance

      The puncture force is defined as the force required to pierce a test specimen attached to a holding device with the aid of a steel pin with specified dimensions. This should not be confused with perforating performed using thin tips or needles.


      Labelling

      The protective function against mechanical injuries is displayed with a pictogram and four digits (performance index). They indicate the respective performance levels.

      EN 420: General requirements for protective gloves

      Scope

      This standard specifies the general requirements for protective gloves in terms of design, construction, harmlessness, comfort, practicality, labeling and product information.


      Definition

      A protective glove is part of personal protective equipment to protect the hand or all areas of the hand from injury; the glove can also cover part of the forearm or arm.


      Classification

      A performance indicator in the form of a number (e.g. between 0 and 4) shows how a glove behaved in a specific test. This indicator can be used to classify the results of the test. A performance indicator of 0 indicates that this glove has either not been tested or does not meet the minimum requirements. The higher the number, the better the performance.


      Requirements

      Design and construction:

      The gloves must guarantee the highest possible level of protection under the specific conditions of use

      For gloves with seams, the strength of these seams must not affect the overall performance of the glove

      Harmlessness:

      The gloves themselves must not cause any harm to the user

      The pH of the gloves must be between 3.5 and 9.5

      The chromium content (VI) must be below the detection level (<10 ppm)

      Natural rubber gloves must be tested for extractable proteins in accordance with the EN 455-3 standard

      Cleaning instructions:

      If care instructions for gloves are included, the performance levels should still be maintained after the maximum recommended number of wash cycles

      Electrostatic properties:

      Antistatic gloves to reduce the risk of electrostatic discharge must be tested according to the EN 1149 standard

      The test values obtained must be stated in the instructions for use

      An electrostatic pictogram must NOT be used

      Size:

      Gloves below the minimum length must be labeled "Suitable for special purposes"

      Freedom of movement:

      According to its purpose, a glove must allow as much mobility as possible

      Transmission and absorption of water vapor:

      If necessary, gloves must allow the transmission of water vapor (5mg / cm2 h)

      If gloves do not allow the transmission of water vapor, the value must be at least 8 mg / cm2 for eight hours

      EN 421: Protective gloves against ionizing radiation and radioactive contamination

      Scope

      This standard applies to gloves intended for protection against ionizing radiation and radioactive contamination.


      Classification and requirements

      The type of protection is indicated by a pictogram in connection with the specific protective properties.


      To protect against radioactive contamination, the glove must be liquid-tight and pass the penetration tests specified in the EN 374 standard.

      Gloves that are used in contaminated areas must have a high permeation resistance to water vapor.


      For protection against ionizing radiation, the glove must contain a certain amount of lead, which is indicated as an equivalent amount of lead. Each glove must be marked with this "equivalent amount of lead".

      Materials that are exposed to ionizing radiation can be tested for their behavior towards ozone cracking. This test is optional and can be used to support the selection of gloves that require resistance to ionizing radiation.

      EN 455: Medical gloves for single use

      Scope

      This standard specifies the requirements and test procedures for medical gloves for single use. It does not specify requirements for chemical resistance. Reference is made to EN 374-1 "Protective gloves against chemicals and micro-organisms".


      Classification

      DIN EN 455 consists of four parts. They define different requirements for gloves that protect the user against contamination


      EN 455-1:2000
      Requirements and testing for tightness

      This standard specifies the test procedure and the requirements for tightness and the acceptable quality level (AQL).


      EN 455-3:2006
      Requirements and testing for biological evaluation

      This standard describes requirements and test procedures for the assessment of the biological safety of disposable medical gloves as part of risk management in accordance with EN ISO 14971 and EN ISO 10993, as well as for labelling and information on the test methods used.


      EN 455-4:2009
      Requirements and testing to determine the minimum durability

      This standard specifies requirements for the durability of medical gloves for single use, their marking and the disclosure of relevant information to the test procedures.

      EN 511: Protective gloves against cold

      Scope

      This standard applies to all gloves intended to protect the hand against convection and contact cold down to –50 ° C.


      Classification and requirements

      All gloves must achieve at least performance level 1 for abrasion and tear resistance of EN 388.

      The protective function against cold is indicated by a pictogram and three performance indices in connection with the specific protective properties:


      a. Convection cold resistance, performance level 0 - 4

      Means the thermal insulation properties measured by convection transmission of cold.


      b. Contact cold resistance, performance level 0 - 4

      Means the thermal stability of the glove material in direct contact with a cold object.


      c. Water resistance (0 or 1)

      0 = water penetration after 30 minutes of exercise
      1 = no water penetration.