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    Product Selection Guides, Standards & Regulations

      Selection guides & standards
      Use our selection aids to help find the right protective clothing for your activities.

      Pollutant Filter class
      Acrylamide P3 
      Aluminium, -oxide P2 
      Aluminium chloride, oxide smoke P2/P3 
      Ammonium chloride P2 
      Antimony P3 
      Arsenic acid P3 
      Arsenic trioxide (arsenic) P3 
      Asbestos P2 
      Asbestos from 50,000 fibres per m³ P3 
      Ash P2
      Caustic alkali P2 
      Bacteria (risk group 2) P2 
      Barium compounds, sol. P2 
      Cotton dust  P2 
      Benzo (a) pyrene coking plants P3 
      Benzonic acid P2 
      Beryllium P3 
      Concrete P2 
      Biqhenyl P3 
      Lead and compounds P3 
      Lead chromate, lead smoke P3 
      Boric oxide - boric acid P3
      Cadmium and compounds P3 
      Calcium hydroxide, oxide P2 
      Calcium sulphate P2 
      Carbon fibers P2 
      Chromium (VI) compounds P3 
      Cobalt metal, oxide, sulphide P3 
      Cyanides (e.g. cyanide ...) P2 
      Diesel engine emissions P3 
      Diisocyanates (TDI, MDI, HDI) P3 
      Stainless steel (smoke, fine dust) P3
      Iron oxides P2 
      Enzymes P3 
      Paint/varnish P2 
      Paint/varnish with Chromate P3 
      Fluoride P2 
      Gypsum (calcium sulphate) P2
      Glass fibers, mineral wool P2 
      Graphite P2 
      Hexachlorocyclohexane P2 
      Wood dust P2 
      Insecticides P3
      For isocyanates, see diisocyanates P3 
      Iodine P2 
      Potassium hydroxide, potash P2 
      Lime-burned P2 
      Silica glass, smoke, acid P2 
      Cooling lubricants P2 
      Copper smoke P2
      Solder fumes  P2 
      Magnesium oxide P2 
      Marble P2 
      Masonry P2 
      Flour dust P1 
      Molybdenum compounds, sol. P2 
      Waste sorting P3 
      Naphthalene P3 
      Sodium azide P2 
      Sodium hydroxide, caustic soda P2 
      Nickel metal, oxide, sulphide P3
      Parathion (E605) P3 
      Pesticides P2 
      Phenylhydrazine  P3 
      Fungal spores P2 
      Platinum P3 
      Pollen P2 
      Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) P3 
      Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) P2 
      Quartz P3
      Fine dust containing quartz P3 
      Smoke P2 
      Rust P2 
      Anti-rust paint P2 
      Anti-rust coating with Chromate P3 
      Soot P2 
      Salts of arsenic acid P3 
      Sulphuric acid P2/P3 
      General welding fumes P2 
      Silver and compounds (sol.) P3 
      Silicon carbide P2 
      Putty P1 
      Steel  P2 
      Steel, high-alloy P3 
      Steel anti-fouling paints P3 
      Stone dust P1 
      Stone dust, containing quartz P2 
      Synthetic mineral fibres P3 
      Tobacco smoke P3 
      Tobacco dust P2 
      Talcum powder P2 
      Titanium oxide P2 
      Tributyl tin compound (TBTO) P3 
      Uranium compounds P3 
      Vanadium pentoxide P3 
      Viruses/bacteria (risk group 3) P3 
      Cement P2 
      Zinc oxide smoke P2 
      Tin compounds, inorganic / organic P3 
      Cytostatics P3 

      EN 166

      This European Standard specifies functional requirements for different types of personal eye protection devices and their marking.
      In order to ensure the vision required for the respective work process, the prismatic, spherical and astigmatic refractive index must meet the conditions specified in the standards. The lenses are divided into three optical classes based on these refractive indices:


      Class 1: for permanent use (e.g. working with particularly high demands on visual performance).

      Class 2: for occasional use (e.g. working with average visual performance requirements).

      Class 3: only in exceptional cases (e.g. for rough work without great demands on visual performance).

       


      Vor dem Einsatz der Schutzanzüge sollte grundsätzlich der Verwendungszweck, die eingesetzten Gefahrenstoffe und die Arbeitsdauer geprüft werden.
      Eine wichtige Hilfe bietet die Richtlinie 89/686/EWG für persönliche Schutzausrüstung. Diese definiert drei Gefahrenkategorien nach Einsatzbereichen:


      Kategorie 1

      Einfache Schutzausrüstung für geringe Gefahren.

      Kategorie 2

      Schutzausrüstung zur Abwehr von Gefahren, die nicht Kategorie 1 oder 3 entsprechen.

      Kategorie 3

      Komplexe Schutzausrüstung für hohe Risiken zum Schutz gegen tödliche Gefahren oder ernste irreversible Gesundheitsschäden.

      Innerhalb der Kategorie 3 wurden Schutzklassen definiert, um dem Benutzer die Wahl der geeigneten Schutzanzüge für den jeweiligen Einsatzbereich zu vereinfachen:

         Flüssigkeitsdichte Schutzkleidung    Spraydichte Schutzkleidung
         Partikelschutz    Schutz vor flüssigen Chemikalien


      Größentabelle

      Before using the protective suits, the intended use, the hazardous substances used and the duration of the work should be checked.
      The 89/686 / EEC directive on personal protective equipment is an important aid. This defines three hazard categories according to areas of application:


      Category 1
      Simple protective equipment for minor hazards.


      Category 2
      Protective equipment to ward off dangers that do not correspond to category 1 or 3.

      Category 3
      Complex protective equipment for high risks to protect against fatal hazards or serious irreversible damage to health. Protection classes have been defined within Category 3 to make it easier for the user to choose suitable protective suits for the respective area of application:


          Liquid-tight protective clothing


          Spray-tight protective clothing


         Protection against liquid chemicals


          Protection from liquid chemicals



      Size chart 



       

      Glove size

      Measure hand circumference

      Hand circumference in cm< 17,5 17,5 – 19,0 19,0 – 21,5 21,5 – 23,5 > 23,5
      Recommended DACH size XS S M L XL
      International sizes XS XS – S S – M M L







      ChemicalNitrileLatexPVC / VinylNeoprene
      Acetaldehyde++++
      Acetone+
      Acrylamide+++++
      Acrylic acid
      Formic acid 10 %+++
      Formic acid 50 %++
      Formic acid 90%– + 
      Ammonia++ – 
      Ammonium acetate++++++++
      Amyl alcohol+++++
      Benzene
      Gasoline++
      Butyl acetate
      Butyl alcohol+++
      Butyl ether++
      Chlorobenzene
      Calcium hydroxide+++++++++++
      Chlornaphthaline– – – 
      Chloroform
      Chromic acid 10%++++++
      Dibutyl phthalate+++++++
      Diethylamine– – 
      Diisobutyl ketone++ – – 
      Dimethylformamide– – 
      Acetic acid 10%++++ +++ 
      Acetic acid 50%+++
      Acetic acid 100%– – ++
      Ethidium bromide++++
      Ethyl alcohol (ethanol)++++++++
      Ethyl acetate
      Ethylether+
      Fish oil+++ +++ 
      Hydrofluoric acid 10%+++++
      Hydrofluoric acid 40%+
      Formaldehyde 40%+++++
      Glycerine+++++++++++
      Glycol ether+++++
      Isobutyl alcohol+++++
      Isopropyl alcohol+++++
      Caustic potash solution+++++++++
      Kerosene++++
      Cresol++
      Machine oil+++
      Methyl alcohol (methanol)+
      Methylamine+++
      Methylene bromide
      Methyl ethyl ketone
      Methyl isobutyl ketone
      Mineral oil / heating oil+++++
      Sodium hypochlorite++++++++
      Caustic soda 10%++++++++++
      Caustic soda 30%+++++++++
      Octyl alcohol++++++
      Oleic acid++++++
      Oxalic acid++++++++
      Vegetable oil+++++
      Phenol++++
      Phosphoric acid 50 %+++++++++++
      Phosphoric acid 75 %+++++++
      Propyl alcohol+++
      Castor oil+++++++++
      Nitric acid 10%+++++++
      Nitric acid 30% ++
      Nitric acid 70%+
      Hydrochloric acid 10%+++++++++++
      Hydrochloric acid 20%++++++++
      Hydrochloric acid 38%+++++++
      Sulphuric acid 10%++++++++++++
      Sulphuric acid 30%++++++++++
      Sulphuric acid 98%+
      Heavy oil A+++
      Styrene
      Tetrachlorethylene
      Carbon tetrachloride
      Animal oil+++++
      Toluene
      Trichlorethylene
      Hydrogen peroxide 5%+++++
      Hydrogen peroxide 30%+++++
      Xylene+
      Citric acid+++++++++


      This table is purely a guide and does not claim to be complete.
      Chemical resistance depends on numerous factors such as temperature, contact time, concentration
      and glove thickness. We recommend carrying out a suitability test for each application.
      DACH Schutzbekleidung does not assume any obligations or liability in connection with the information
      given in this table.

      Explanation
      Very suitable +++
      Well suited ++
      Conditionally suitable +
      Not recommended -







      Standards & regulations

                 

      Protective clothing against liquid chemicals
      Performance requirements for chemical protective suits with liquid-proof (type 3) or spray-proof (type 4) connections between the parts of the clothing.


      Scope

      This standard specifies the minimum requirements for the following types of limited use of certain and reusable chemical protective clothing:

      Type 3: liquid-proof clothing
      Type 4: spray-proof clothing


      Material performance requirements

      Materials for chemical protective clothing must be tested according to the following requirements and according to the test methods specified in EN 14325. Performance level 1 must be achieved for all requirements.


      Section in EN14325: 2004Performance requirementsMin. Performance level
      4.4Abrasion resistance1
      4.5Crack resistance when bending1
      4.6Crack resistance when bending at -30°C1
      4.7Tear resistance1
      4.9Tensile strength1
      4.10Puncture resistance1
      4.11Puncture resistance1
      4.14Resistance to ignition1

      *: Only applies to clothing for use at very low temperatures


      Performance requirement for seams, joints and composites

      Seams, connections and assemblies must be tested and classified according to the requirements of the following table and the corresponding sections of EN 14325.

      Performance requirementsReference
      Resistance to the permeation of liquidsEN 14325:2003
      Resistance to the penetration of liquidsEN 463 or EN 468
      Seam strengthEN 14325:2003, 5.5

      Requirements for the whole suit

      1. Chemical protective clothing must meet the requirements of EN 340 (general for protective clothing).
      2. Resistance to penetration by liquids: Type 3 chemical protective clothing must be tested by test persons against the penetration of liquids using a jet test. Type 4 chemical protective clothing must be tested by test subjects against the penetration of liquids using a spray test.
      3. Resistance to penetration by liquids:
        • Type 3 chemical protective clothing must be tested by test persons against the penetration of liquids using a jet test.
        • Type 4 chemical protective clothing must be tested by test subjects against the penetration of liquids using a spray test.

      Labelling

      1. The name, the trademark to identify the manufacturer
      2. Type number or model number of the manufacturer
      3. Class: Type 5
      4. The number of this European Standard
      5. Size according to EN 340
      6. An information brochure from the manufacturer must be included with every small retail pack
      7. Pictogram to indicate that the clothing is intended to protect against chemicals, as well as pictogram that the instructions for use and all other information from the manufacturer have been read Pictogram that the instructions for use and all other information from the manufacturer must be read

      Scope

      This standard specifies the properties of gloves to protect the user from chemicals and / or microorganisms.

      It applies in conjunction with the basic standard DIN EN420 and does not specify any requirements against any hazards due to mechanical stress. Reference is made here to DIN EN 388. 

      Classification

      DIN EN 374 consists of three parts. It specifies the requirements for gloves that protect the user against chemicals and / or microorganisms.

      DIN EN374-1: Terminology and performance requirements

      This standard specifies requirements that protect the user against chemicals and / or microorganisms and defines the common terms.

      DIN EN374-2: Determination of the resistance to penetration by chemicals

      This standard describes a test method for the resistance of gloves to penetration, which protect against chemicals and / or microorganisms.

      DIN EN374-3: Determination of resistance to permeation by chemicals

      This standard deals with the determination of the resistance of materials for protective gloves to the permeation of potentially hazardous, non-gaseous chemicals under the condition of uninterrupted contact.

      Requirements

      Penetration
      It describes the penetration of a chemical and / or a microorganism (on a non-molecular level) through porous areas, seams, pinholes or other defects in a protective glove. Gloves must be tight when tested according to the test methods specified in the relevant sections of EN 374-2 (air leak test and water leak test). This test is based on the AQL value (acceptance quality limit) according to ISO 2859.

      Performance index AQL-Value Test level
      Class 3 < 0,65 G1
      Class 2 < 1,5 G1
      Class 1 < 4,0 S4



      Permeation
      This term means the breakthrough times it takes for a dangerous liquid to come into contact with the skin. The rubber and plastic layers of a glove do not always form a liquid barrier. They sometimes react like a sponge by sucking up liquid and pressing it against the skin. It is therefore important to determine permeation. All chemical tests are classified in breakthrough times (performance index 0 to 6).

      Performance index Breakthrough time
      Class 1 > 10 Minutes
      Class 2 > 30 Minutes
      Class 3 > 60 Minutes
      Class 4 > 120 Minutes
      Class 5 > 240 Minutes
      Class 6 > 480 Minutes



      Definition & labelling

      Fig. 1

      A glove is considered to be resistant to chemicals if a performance index of at least class 2 is obtained for three test chemicals in the table below (Annex A of EN 374-3). The appropriate code letters for the chemicals must be specified.

      Identifying letter  Test chemical CAS number Class
      A Methanol 67-56-1 Primary alcohol
      B Acetone 67-64-1 Ketone 
      C Acetonitrile 75-05-8 Nitrile compound
      D Dichloromethane 75-09-2 Chlorinated paraffin 
      E Carbon disulphide 75-15-0 Sulphur-containing organic compound 
      F Toluene 108-88-3 Aromatic hydrocarbon
      G Diethylamine 109-89-7 Amine
      H Tetrahydrofuran 109-99-9 Heterocyclic and ether compounds
      I Ethyl acetate 141-78-6 Esters
      J n-heptane 142-85-5 Aliphatic hydrocarbon
      K Sodium hydroxide 40% 1310-73-2 Inorganic base 
      L Sulphuric acid 96% 7664-93-9 Inorganic acid




      Fig. 2:

      A glove is considered to be slightly resistant to chemicals or impermeable to liquids if a minimum breakthrough time of 30 minutes is not achieved for at least three chemicals on the definition list, but the penetration test is passed. 

      Figure 1 and Figure 2 must not be used together for the same glove.

      Fig. 3:

      A glove is considered to be resistant to microorganisms if it fulfils at least class 2 of the penetration test (AQL <1.5).

      Scope

      This standard specifies the thermal properties of gloves for protection against heat and / or fire.


      Classification and requirements

      All gloves must achieve at least performance level 1 for abrasion and tear resistance of EN 388 and meet all the requirements of EN 420.

      The type and degree of the protective function are indicated by a pictogram with the numbers 1 to 6, which refer to specific protective properties.

      Depending on the area of application, only the application-relevant test procedures need to be carried out. If an "X" is given instead of one of these numbers, it means that this protective property has not been tested.


      Test Performance index

      1 2 3 4
      a. Burn resistance (afterburn and afterglow time in s) ≤ 20
      – 
      ≤ 10
      ≤ 120
      ≤ 3
      ≤ 25
      ≤ 2
      ≤ 5
      b. Contact heat resistance (contact temperature in °C and limit value time in s) 100
      ≥ 15
      250
      ≥ 15
      350
      ≥ 15
      500
      ≥15
      c. Convection heat resistance (heat transfer index in s) ≥ 4 ≥ 7 ≥ 10 ≥ 18
      d. Resistance to radiant heat in s ≥ 7 ≥ 20 ≥ 50 ≥ 95
      e. Resistance to number of small liquid metal splashes ≥ 10 ≥ 15 ≥ 25 ≥ 35
      f. Resistance to large amounts of liquid metal in g 30 60 120 200





      a. Fire resistance

      Performance index 1 - 4 

      Time in seconds that the material continues to burn or glow after the flame has been removed from the test specimen. The seams of the glove must not dissolve after a burning time of 15 seconds.


      b. Contact heat resistance

      Performance index 1 - 4 

      In the temperature range of 100-500 °C, the user does not feel any pain for at least 15 seconds. If an EN level 3 or higher is achieved, the product must also meet at least EN level 3 in the fire resistance test, as otherwise a maximum contact heat resistance of level 2 is entered.


      c. Convection heat resistance

      Performance index 1 - 4 

      The length of time a glove can delay the transfer of heat from a flame. A performance level is only specified if performance levels 3 or 4 are achieved in the fire resistance test.


      d. Resistance to radiant heat

      Performance index 1 - 4 

      The amount of time a glove can delay the transfer of heat from a radiant heat source. A performance level is only specified if performance levels 3 or 4 are achieved in the fire resistance test.


      e. Resistance to small liquid metal splashes

      Performance index 1 - 4 

      Number of liquid metal drops that are necessary to bring the glove to a certain temperature. A performance level is only specified if performance levels 3 or 4 are achieved in the fire resistance test.


      f. Resistance to large amounts of liquid metal

      Performance index 1 - 4 

      Means the required weight of molten metal to trigger a smoothing or perforation of an imitation skin that was placed directly behind the test glove. The test is considered to have been failed if metal droplets adhere to the glove material or the test sample catches fire.


      Performance requirements for chemical protective clothing providing protection to the full body against airborne solid particulates (type 5 clothing)

      Scope

      This standard specifies the minimum requirements for particle-tight chemical protective suits that are resistant to the penetration of suspended solid particles (type 5). These pieces of clothing are full-body protective clothing, such as one-piece overalls or two-piece suits, with or without a hood or viewing panel, with or without foot protection. This part of EN ISO 13982 only applies to suspended, solid particles.

      Material performance requirements

      Materials for chemical protective clothing must be tested according to the following requirements and the test methods specified in EN 14325. Performance level 1 must be achieved for all requirements.

      Section in EN14325: 2004 Performance requirements Min. Performance level
      4.4 Abrasion resistance 1
      4.5 Crack resistance when bending 1
      4.7 Tear resistance 1
      4.10 Puncture resistance 1
      4.14 Resistance to ignition 1

      Performance requirement for seams, joints and composites

      1. Resistance to the penetration of liquids
      The seams must be designed in such a way that the penetration of solid particles through needle holes or other components of the seam is reduced to a minimum or prevented.

      2. Seam strength
      The performance is classified according to EN 14325: 2004, 5.5 (Table 13) specified performance levels. A minimum strength of performance level 1 must be achieved in the seams.

      Requirements for the whole suit

      1. Type 5 chemical protective suits must meet the requirements of EN340 (general for protective clothing).
      2. Inward leakage of aerosols of solid particles: Protective suits must be tested for inward leakage of aerosols from solid particles using the method described in ISO 13982-2. The test is carried out by test subjects.

      Labelling

      1. The name, the trademark to identify the manufacturer.
      2. Type number or model number of the manufacturer.
      3. Class: Type 5.
      4. The number of this European Standard.
      5. Size according to EN 340
      6. An information brochure from the manufacturer must be included with every small retail pack.
      7. Pictogram to indicate that the clothing is intended to protect against chemicals, as well as a pictogram that the instructions for use and all other information from the manufacturer must be read.


      EN 1149-1: Protective clothing - electrostatic properties

      Part 1: Test method for measuring surface resistance

      This European Standard was developed within the framework of a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association and supports essential requirements of the EU Directive.


      The standard is part of a series of tests and requirements for the electrostatic properties of protective clothing. Different parts are necessary due to the different areas of application and materials. 

      Scope

      This standard specifies the electrostatic requirements for avoiding ignitable discharges and the corresponding test methods for electrostatically conductive protective clothing. In flammable atmospheres that are enriched with oxygen, these requirements may not be sufficient. The test method cannot be used for materials with fibres with a conductive core. This standard does not apply to protection against mains voltage.

      Performance requirements

      In the case of homogeneous materials, the specific surface resistance must be below 5 × 1010 Ω.

      Labelling

      The labelling must be in accordance with EN 340 (protective clothing - general requirements) and must bear the following pictogram.


      Performance requirements for chemical protective clothing with limited protection against liquid chemicals (equipment type 6)


      Scope

      This standard specifies the minimum requirements for liquid-tight, reusable chemical protective suits and suits for limited use (type 6). They offer limited protection against exposure to liquid aerosols, sprays and light splashes where the risk of chemical exposure has been determined as low and the type of possible exposure, spray, mist, etc. is defined as low risk.

      Such garments can be full body protective garments such as one-piece overalls or two-piece suits with or without a hood or viewing panel, with or without socks or overshoes, and they can be worn with or without respiratory protection.


      Material performance requirements

      Materials for chemical protective clothing must be tested and classified according to the following requirements and the test methods specified in EN 14325.

      Section in EN14325: 2004 Performance requirements Min. Performance level
      4.4 Abrasion resistance 1
      4.7 Tear resistance 1
      4.9 Tensile strength 1
      4.10 Puncture resistance 1
      4.12 Liquid repellence 3
      4.13 Resistance to the penetration of liquids 2
      4.14 Resistance to ignition 1

      Performance requirement for seams, joints and composites

      1. Resistance to the penetration of liquids
      The seams must be designed in such a way that the penetration of solid particles through needle holes or other components of the seam is reduced to a minimum or prevented.

      2. Seam strength
      The performance is classified according to EN 14325: 2004, 5.5 (Table 13) specified performance levels. A minimum strength of performance level 1 must be achieved in the seams.


      Requirements for the whole suit

      1. Type 6 chemical protective suits must meet the requirements of EN340 (general for protective clothing).
      2. Resistance to penetration of liquids (spray test) is carried out by test persons in accordance with EN 468.


      Labelling

      1. The name, the trademark to identify the manufacturer
      2. Type number or model number of the manufacturer
      3. Class: Type 6
      4. The number of this European Standard
      5. Size according to EN 340
      6. An information brochure from the manufacturer must be included with every small retail pack
      7. Pictogram to indicate that the clothing is intended to protect against chemicals, as well as a pictogram that the instructions for use and all other information from the manufacturer must be read.



       

      Scope

      This standard specifies the requirements and test methods for reusable and limited-use protective clothing against infectious agents.

      Material performance requirements 

      1. Mechanical requirements and requirements for flammability (possibly chemical requirements) are to be checked and classified according to the test methods and the classification system for the performance, which are specified in the corresponding sections of EN14325.
      2. Performance requirements for resistance to infectious agent penetration are verified by the following tests:
        Resistance to penetration of contaminated liquids under hydrostatic pressure. Resistance to penetration by infectious agents due to mechanical contact with substances containing contaminated liquids. Resistance to the penetration of contaminated liquid aerosols. Resistance to the penetration of contaminated solid particles.

      Performance requirement for seams, joints and composites 

      Seams, connections and assemblies for protective clothing against infectious agents must be tested and classified according to the requirements of the relevant sections of EN 14325.

      Requirements for the whole suit

      Protective clothing against infectious agents must meet the relevant requirements of EN340 (general for protective clothing) as well as the requirements for the entire suit, which are specified in the relevant standard for chemical protective clothing.

      Labelling

      The clothing must be labelled in accordance with the applicable requirements of the relevant standard for chemical protective clothing.
      The labelling for protective clothing against infectious agents must contain the following additional information:
      1. The number of this European Standard
      2. The type of protective clothing beginning with the letter "B".
      3. The pictogram for biological hazard


      Preamble

      This European standard specifies the relevant requirements of the EC Directive 93/42 / EEC on medical devices in accordance with the current specifications of the EU Commission.


      Introduction

      Transmission of infectious germs during surgical procedures can take place in several ways. A source of infection could be for example, the nose or mouth of a member of the surgical team. Medical face masks are primarily used to limit the transmission of infectious germs from staff to patients in operating rooms and other medical facilities. In certain situations they are used to protect the wearer from splashes of possibly contaminated liquids. In addition, they can be worn by patients and others to reduce the risk of the spread of infections, especially in epidemic or pandemic situations.


      Scope

      The standard deals with the construction and design, performance requirements and test methods for medical face masks. A medical face mask with an appropriate microbiological barrier can also be effective in reducing the discharge of infectious germs from the mouth and nose of an asymptomatic wearer or a patient with clinical symptoms. This European Standard does not apply to masks which are intended solely for the personal protection of personnel.


      Classification

      Medical face masks are divided into two types according to different criteria (type I and type II), with type II being further classified according to whether the mask is fluid-resistant or not.

      In contrast to earlier versions (for example 2005 and 2014), a certain limit value for the germ load of the as yet unused product has now been set, which must not be exceeded in order to meet the standard. This ensures that the mask does not pose any microbial danger to the wearer or the patient.


      Performance requirements

      Classifications Type I** Type II Type IIR*
      Bacterial filtration efficiency (BFE), (%) ≥ 95% ≥ 98% ≥ 98%
      Breathing resistance (Pa / cm²) < 40 < 40 < 60
      Spray resistance pressure (kPA) Does not apply Does not apply ≥ 16,0
      Microbiological purity (KBE/g) ≤ 30 ≤ 30 ≤ 30

      * Type IIR is a liquid-resistant type.

      ** Medical face masks of type I should only be used on patients and other persons to reduce the risk of spreading infection, especially in epidemic or pandemic situations. Type I masks are not intended for use by healthcare professionals in operating theatres or other medical facilities with similar needs.


      Labelling

      Both the Medical Device Directive (93/42 / EEC) and the Medical Device Regulation (EU) 2017/745 specify the information that should appear on the packaging in which the medical face mask is supplied.

      The following information must be provided:
      a) Number of this European Standard
      b) Type of mask (according to the information in the table).


      Preamble

      This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association and supports essential requirements of the European Directives.

      The 2009 amendment introduces a classification for devices for single use.


      Introduction

      A breathing apparatus or respirator can only be approved if the individual components meet the requirements of the test regulations and if practical performance tests have been successfully carried out with a complete device.


      Scope

      This European Standard specifies the minimum requirements for filtering half masks as respiratory protective devices for protection against particles, except for escape purposes.

      Laboratory tests and practical performance tests are included to determine compliance with requirements.


      Classification

      Particle-filtering half-masks are classified according to their filter performance and their maximum total inwardly directed leakage. There are three classes:

      FFP1, FFP2 and FFP3.

      In addition, particle-filtering half masks are classified according to whether they can only be used for one layer or whether they are reusable (more than one layer).


      Basic performance requirements

      Class Total leakage Maximum permeability


      NaCl 95 l/min Paraffin oil 95 l/min
      FFP1 22 % 20 % 20 %
      FFP2 8 % 6 % 6 %
      FFP3 2 % 1 % 1 %




      Breathing resistance

      Class Maximum permissible resistance (mbar)


      Inhalation
      Exhalation

      30 l/min 95 l/min 160 l/min
      FFP1 0,6 2,1 3,0
      FFP2 0,7 2,4 3,0
      FFP3 1,0 3,0 3,0




      Labelling

      In order for a particle filtering half mask to comply with this standard, it must be labelled with the following information, among other things:

      1. Means for identifying the manufacturer or supplier, for example product name.
      2. Identical type identification.
      3. Applicable class, e.g. “FFP2 NR D”, where “NR” denotes a mask whose use is restricted to one shift and must then be disposed of. "D" stands for passing the Dolomite test, which is voluntary for disposable masks. It proves that the requirements for filter passage and breathing resistance are met even after long periods of use.
      4. The number and year of publication of this European Standard.
      5. End of storage time.
      6. The storage conditions recommended by the manufacturer.
      7. An information brochure from the manufacturer must be included with every small retail pack.
      8. CE mark followed by a four-digit identification number of the notified body that carried out the type test for the respirator.


      Scope

      This standard specifies functional requirements for different types of personal eye protection devices.


      Types of eye protection devices

      There are three different types: The standard safety glasses with and without side protection, goggles and face shields.


      Areas of use of the eye protection devices

      Depending on their characteristics, eye protection devices can protect against

      • bursts of different energies
      • dust
      • optical radiation
      • gases
      • molten metals and hot solids
      • drops and splashes
      • and arcing

      Requirements

      General:
      The eye protection devices must not cause skin irritation, have any protrusions, sharp edges or other defects that are likely to be uncomfortable to wear or cause injuries.

      Viewing panel:
      Eye protection devices must have a minimum field of vision. According to the spherical, astigmatic and prismatic refractive power, the viewing panels are divided into 3 optical classes1. They also have to be UV-resistant.


      Labelling

      Viewing panel and support body must be labelled separately, unless they consist of one unit. The labelling must be clearly visible and permanent and must not impair the view of the wearer.


      Structure of the marking

      1. Label of the support body
      The label of the support body includes the manufacturer's abbreviation, the number of this standard, the areas of application and the resistance.
      2. Viewing panel label
      The manufacturer's abbreviation, then the optical class, the abbreviation for non-adherence of molten metal and resistance to penetration by hot solids (if applicable) and then the resistance to particles of higher velocity are listed on the panel. Further properties of the panel can be recognised by the last digits.


      1 Explanation: Class 1: enables work with particularly high demands on visual performance (for continuous use); Class 2: suitable for work with average requirements for visual performance; Class 3: should only be used in exceptional cases, for rough work without major demands on visual performance (not for long-term use). (Source: BGR 192 (ZH 1/703))



      Abbreviation Description
      Optical classes of the viewing panel
      1 - Optical class 1
      2 - Optical class 2

      3 - Optical class 3

      AbbreviationsDescription
      Areas of use of the eye protection device
      3Liquids (drops and splashes)
      4Dust with a grain size> 5 μm
      5Gases, vapours, mist, smoke and dust with a particle size <5 μm
      6Radiant heat from infrared sources
      8Electric arc in the event of a short circuit in electrical systems
      9Splashes of molten metals and penetration of hot solids


      AbbreviationsDescription
      Resistance to higher velocity particles
      without identificationBasic mechanical strength
      SIncreased mechanical strength: Ball drop test 43g steel ball
      FLow energy impacts: Bombarding with 0.88g steel ball, 45 m / s
      BMedium energy impacts: Bombarding with 0.88g steel ball, 120 m / s
      AHigh energy impacts: Bombarding with 0.88g steel ball, 190 m / s


      Abbreviation Description
      Other features
      N - Resistance to fogging of the viewing panes
      K - Surface resistance to damage from small particles
      R - Increased reflectance
      C - Symbol for improved colour recognition
      O / Δ - Original / replacement viewing panel

      Scope

      This standard applies to all types of protective gloves with regard to physical and mechanical loads such as abrasion, cuts, punctures, tears or drop cuts. It also contains regulations on the electrical conductivity of protective gloves.


      Classification and requirements

      DIN EN388 applies in connection with the basic standard DIN EN420. Protective gloves against mechanical risks must achieve at least performance level 1 for at least one of the properties listed in the table:

      Test Performance index

      0 1 2 3 4 5
      a. Abrasion resistance (cycles) < 100 100 500 2.000 8.000
      b. Cut resistance (factor) < 1,2 1,2 2,5 5 10 20
      c. Tear strength (Newton) < 10 10 25 50 75
      d. Puncture resistance (Newtons) < 20 20 60 100 150

      In all cases, [0] indicates the lowest level of performance.


      a. Abrasion resistance:

      Abrasion resistance is determined as the number of cycles required for breach. A breach is the condition in which the test specimen is worn to such an extent that a hole has appeared.


      b. Cut resistance:

      The cut resistance value is based on the number of test cycles required to cut the test glove with a fixed load (5 Newtons) and constant speed.


      c. Tear strength:

      The tear strength is defined as the force that is required to tear a crack in a rectangular test specimen over half the length of the test specimen.


      d. Puncture resistance:

      The puncture force is defined as the force required to pierce a test specimen attached to a holding device with the aid of a steel pin with specified dimensions. This should not be confused with perforating performed using thin tips or needles.


      Labelling

      The protective function against mechanical injuries is displayed with a pictogram and four digits (performance index). They indicate the respective performance levels.

      Scope

      This standard specifies the general requirements for protective gloves in terms of design, construction, harmlessness, comfort, practicality, labelling and product information.


      Definition

      A protective glove is part of personal protective equipment to protect the hand or all areas of the hand from injury; the glove can also cover part of the forearm or arm.


      Classification

      A performance indicator in the form of a number (e.g. between 0 and 4) shows how a glove behaved in a specific test. This indicator can be used to classify the results of the test. A performance indicator of 0 indicates that this glove has either not been tested or does not meet the minimum requirements. The higher the number, the better the performance.


      Requirements

      Design and construction:

      The gloves must ensure the highest possible protection under the specific conditions of use

      For gloves with seams, the strength of those seams must not affect the overall performance of the glove

      Harmlessness:

      The gloves themselves must not cause any harm to the user

      The pH of the gloves must be between 3.5 and 9.5

      The chromium content (VI) must be below the detection level (<10 ppm)

      Natural rubber gloves must be tested for extractable proteins in accordance with the EN 455-3 standard

      Cleaning instructions:

      If care instructions for gloves are included, the performance levels should still be maintained after the maximum recommended number of wash cycles

      Electrostatic properties:

      Antistatic gloves to reduce the risk of electrostatic discharge must be tested according to the EN 1149 standard

      The test values obtained must be stated in the instructions for use

      An electrostatic pictogram must NOT be used

      Dimensions:

      Gloves below the minimum length must be labelled as "Suitable for special purposes"

      Freedom of movement:

      According to its purpose, a glove must allow as much mobility as possible

      Transmission and absorption of water vapor:

      If necessary, gloves must allow the transmission of water vapor (5mg / cm2 h)

      If gloves do not allow the transmission of water vapor, the value must be at least 8 mg / cm2 for eight hours

      Scope

      This standard applies to gloves that are intended to protect against ionizing radiation and radioactive contamination.


      Classification and requirements

      The type of protection is indicated by a pictogram in connection with the specific protective properties.


      To protect against radioactive contamination, the glove must be liquid-tight and pass the penetration tests specified in the EN 374 standard.

      Gloves that are used in contaminated areas must have a high level of impermeability to water vapor.


      To protect against ionizing radiation, the glove must contain a certain amount of lead, which is specified as the equivalent amount of lead. Each glove must be identified with this "equivalent amount of lead".

      Materials that are exposed to ionizing radiation can be tested for their behaviour towards ozone cracking. This test is optional and can be used to aid in the selection of gloves that require resistance to ionizing radiation.


      Scope

      This standard specifies the requirements and test methods for medical gloves for single use. It does not specify any requirements for chemical resistance. Reference is made to EN 374-1 “Protective gloves against chemicals and microorganisms”.


      Classification

      DIN EN 455 consists of four parts. They specify various requirements for gloves that protect the user against contamination.


      EN 455-1:2000
      Requirements and testing for freedom from holes

      This standard specifies the test method and the requirements for tightness as well as the acceptable quality limit (AQL).


      EN 455-3:2006
      Requirements and testing for biological evaluation

      This standard describes requirements and test methods for the evaluation of the biological safety of medical disposable gloves as part of the risk management in accordance with EN ISO 14971 and EN ISO 10993, as well as for the labelling and the indication of information about the applied test methods.


      EN 455-4:2009
      Requirements and testing for shelf life determination

      This standard specifies requirements for the shelf life of medical gloves for single use, their identification and the disclosure of information relevant to the test methods.


      Scope

      This standard applies to all gloves intended to protect the hand against convection and contact cold down to –50 ° C.


      Classification and requirements

      All gloves must achieve at least performance level 1 for abrasion and tear resistance of EN 388.

      The protective function against cold is indicated by a pictogram and three performance indices in connection with the specific protective properties:


      a. Convection cold resistance, performance level 0 - 4

      Means the thermal insulation properties measured by convection transmission of cold.


      b.Contact cold resistance, performance level 0 - 4

      Means the thermal stability of the glove material in direct contact with a cold object.


      c. Water resistance (0 or 1)

      0 = water penetration after 30 minutes of stress
      1 = no water penetration.